Changing your home outside – even on a low budget – can improve its looks, saleability and value, but it needs to be done carefully and sympathetically. As well as making your home look better, cladding and render protect it from the elements and even insulate it. Both porches and driveways are a focal feature of a home’s exterior, and can create a statement and add kerb appeal from the street.

Find out everything you need to know to improve your home’s exterior, no matter your budget, whilst also adding value to your property.

Related articles: The Ultimate Guide to Extending your Home | 7 ways to transform the exterior of your home | Rendering external walls

Clad the exterior walls

If your home has 1970s or 1980s stone cladding, pebbledash, mismatching bricks or a mixture of different external materials you can remove or cover it and re-finish the walls using a different material to create a complete new look. The cheapest option is to use masonry paint in a neutral shade, such as off white, to help unify the different materials. You can expect this to cost you around a few hundred pounds.

How much does cladding cost?

  • Composite cladding – £300
  • Laminate cladding – £50
  • Tiles – £45
  • Hardwood timber cladding – £40
  • Metal – £40
  • PVCu cladding – £20
  • Brick slips – £18
  • Rendering – £18
  • Fibre cement weatherboarding – £15
  • Softwood timber cladding – £15
  • Masonry paint (three coats) – £1

Which cladding or render is right for your home?

Start by looking at samples of your cladding choices in situ at different times of the day. Ask your supplier if they can give you new and aged samples to see how your home will look freshly clad and a few months down the line. Make sure the weight of your chosen cladding or render is suitable for your property, as some materials are heavier than others.

PVCu cladding is one of the most inexpensive options. Coloured or wood-effect PVCu is comparable in price to timber boarding. Low-maintenance and easy to clean, it should last for up to 20 years. Some PVCu cladding has a cellular core that offers good thermal resistance.
Laminate cladding such as that made by Trespa, is made by compressing impregnated paper or wood fibres and epoxy, phenolic or polypropylene resin. Durable and scratch-resistant, it can have coloured pigments added to the surface during curing, making a variety of colours and finishes possible. Virtually impervious to weather, it can also be cleaned very easily.
Composite cladding like that made by LG Hausys,
is made up of stone powder and high-quality acrylic resins
with pigments to add colour. Highly weather-resistant,
it can be easily cleaned, moulded and fitted.
Timber boarding suits contemporary and some period properties. Shiplap boarding has straight tongue-
and-groove edges, while feather-edged boarding overlaps and has irregular edges. Softwoods, such as pine or spruce, are the cheapest option. Hardwoods, like oak, chestnut or larch, can be left to weather naturally or sealed with a fire-retardant coating.
Fibre-cement weatherboarding, being a composite, is long-lasting, won’t twist or warp over time, is fire-resistant, frost-proof, comes pre-finished, needs minimal maintenance (an annual hose down will do) and won’t rust or rot.
Brick slips look like solid bricks but are actually 2-2.5cm deep ‘tiles’ made from clay – either kiln-fired as preformed slips, or sawn from the face of standard clay bricks. Cladding panels with a brick finish and interlocking prefabricated boards are also available.
Stone tiles are of a similar construction to brick slips,
and are split from genuine stone. They are ideal for a more traditional look, offering a cost-effective and lightweight alternative to building with natural stone.
Metal is an expensive option but is low-maintenance and weather-resistant. It can come painted, powder-coated, pre-aged or coated to preserve its finish. Steel is the most affordable and should last at least 30 years; lightweight aluminium is good for 40; untreated zinc weathers to look like lead and should last 50 years; copper develops a verdigris finish and should have a lifespan of 100 years.
Masonry paint is a cheap and fast way to cover an ugly exterior. Textured finishes are particularly good for hiding minor cracks. It can hide poor-quality or mismatched brickwork on period properties, and create a sleek finish on modern homes.
Concrete render shouldn’t be used with the lime mortar masonry of many period properties as it will lead to damp and rot. Use a silicon-based render, which is flexible, breathable and easy to maintain. Lime render can be an eco-conscious choice for new homes and over masonry, too.

timber cladding on the exterior of a homeTo take a look at this contemporary renovation to a mobile home, CLICK HERE

Planning permission for cladding

Permitted development allows for extensions to be built with materials matching the existing building, but if you’d like contrasting cladding, you’ll most likely require planning consent.

Building Control will also be concerned that the house meets regulations for thermal efficiency, so always consider whether cladding will alter its eco performance.Some will boost insulation, but it’s vital that airflow is maintained. If you live in a listed building or Conservation Area, detailed consideration needs to be given to how cladding will impact the character and fabric of the house.

Richard Witcher
Architect at witcher crawford architects

Update your roof

On some styles of house – especially a bungalow – the roof is a very dominant feature, so if you change the shape of it, or the exterior covering, it will transform your property’s appearance.

Pressure-washing a moss-covered roof can be an inexpensive improvement which helps to freshen up a tired-looking property. Pressure washers start from £50-£100 from Screwfix.

Replacing sun-faded concrete roof tiles can give a 1960s or 1970s house a new lease of life. Budget £28-£35 per m² to replace old tiles with new interlocking concrete ones, including labour and materials.

If you’re looking to do a period-style makeover, look at traditional properties and copy the vernacular style, whether it is plain clay tiles, Roman tiles, slate or stone. For a contemporary makeover, you should opt for natural slate or man-made slates.

Changing the roof covering usually falls under your permitted development rights, so it doesn’t need planning permission, but you are required to add roof insulation at the same time to meet building regulations.

If you change your roof covering it will cost from £40-£80 per m². Changing its shape is a more radical and expensive alteration but it can have a dramatic impact, for example, to increase the roof height on a 1970s house with a very low-pitched roof, or a flat-roofed 1960s house.

The cost can be mitigated if the new roof is tall enough to allow for a loft conversion. Bear in mind that raising the height of the roof will always require planning permission.

Replace your windows

Windows are the eyes of a house — if you change them, you can alter your property’s whole personality, especially if it’s done in conjunction with an overall redesign scheme.

Using permitted development rights you can change the style of your window frames, alter the shape and size of the window openings and add new ones without having to get planning permission.

A modern house that might be lacking in character can be made to look like a period property by adding period-style small casement or sliding sash windows and by altering the door openings. Expect to budget an average of £600-£800 per window supplied and fitted.

A 1950s or 1960s property with modest window openings could be given a contemporary makeover by adding large window openings with a horizontal emphasis and narrow frame profiles.

The most inexpensive solution is to buy new windows direct from a manufacturer, DIY supplier or online and fit them yourself. PVCu windows from websites such as Dunster House and DIY UPVC Trade Windows can be ordered to your bespoke specification online. Expect to budget £200-£350 per window. If you want the windows installed, you should always shop around and hold out for the best price.

All replacement windows must comply with building regulations. This means either using a FENSA registered installer who can self-certify their work for building regulations purposes, or submitting an application to the local authority together with the correct fee and either fitting them yourself or using a general builder to fit them for you.

Add an extension

Changing the shape of your home by adding an extension can have a huge impact on its appearance. Smaller alterations, such as adding a porch or a bay window needn’t be expensive but can add a lot of interest and character to the exterior.

A larger extension to the side or front can help balance the shape and proportions of your property to create a particular architectural style, as could the addition of a large feature chimney.

an exterior extension to the rear of a houseCLICK HERE, to take a look at this modern extension to a Victorian terrace house

An extension will cost from £950-£1,350 per m² including VAT. Many smaller extensions, including a porch, single-storey side and rear extensions, side and rear loft extensions and some two-storey rear extensions are considered permitted development in England and Wales, so they may not require planning permission subject to certain design constraints.

Convert an integrated garage

Large double garage doors can be an eyesore on the front of a property and don’t suit a period-style makeover. Converting the garage into a living space and replacing the doors with walls and windows will alter the main elevations and could help create a more traditional period look. A garage conversion will cost from £850-£1,250 per m² and does not normally require any planning permission.

Demolish old structures

Many properties have old lean-to garden stores, glasshouses, sunrooms and workshops that clutter up the outside of the house. Removing these and other run-down structures in your garden, such as a prefab garage and old sheds, can really smarten up the place. You can simply replace these buildings with a new garden shed that is sited in a convenient spot. Demolishing these structures does not usually require planning permission, except in conservation areas, or if a building is listed.