Matt James discusses the benefits of working with a garden designer and how to turn your outdoor space into a relaxing area.
GALLERY IMAGE: A relaxing outdoor space to suit the whole family, designed by garden designer Kirsty Monaghan. Kirsty’s garden was featured in our August 2013 issue.
An architect is usually the first port of call if you are planning to remodel a house. When it comes to an outside space, it’s less clear – are garden/landscape designers really necessary and can they make a difference? What do they do, how do they work and what should you look for when seeking a good one?
The role of a garden designer
A professional garden designer brings creativity, ideas and fresh new perspectives to your space, while bearing in mind your wants, needs and budget. They can help with everything from master planning the entire site or solving privacy problems to choosing the most appropriate plants for beds and borders, helping you avoid costly mistakes in the process. Designers also have another important role, and that’s to spend your budget wisely. For example, wholesale change is expensive, and, coupled with demands for instant impact, you’ll see costs go through the roof. An experienced garden designer will analyse both the space and brief and identify low-cost, high-impact solutions wherever possible, saving you money in the process.
How designers work
Many garden designers tend to work on a design-only basis. This means you’re engaging a specialist in the field who will usually take responsibility for all the design work, specifications and appointment of appropriate contractors to complete the work at a fair price, as well as act on your behalf in any discussions. Some will have a list of preferred contractors, or they’ll advocate that you use one they trust and regularly work with.
Design and build companies (often a collaboration between a designer and landscape contractor, or a landscape company with in-house designers) are common and will undertake all the design services and the construction work. Design and build is quite an attractive option as it keeps everything ‘in house’ and can therefore speed up the process.
Just make sure it’s easy to deal with the person who is doing the design work. Some design and build companies will want separate fees for both the design and the construction, while others may combine the two in the overall price. For clarity, I think it’s better to ask that the two are identified separately, because if you decide to delay the project for some reason or you’re not happy with the design and suggested alternatives, then you’re not tied in to paying for the whole thing.
A gardener or a builder is not a garden designer. This isn’t meant as a disparaging comment, but their experience and skills lie in the practical areas and their training won’t include elements such as spatial design, drawing/computer-aided design and planting design. Trained gardeners (those with a minimum Level Three or Royal Horticultural Society Level Two qualification in horticulture) are invaluable for keeping a garden looking beautiful. An experienced builder can lay an attractive patio – but for a comprehensive redesign, a gardener or builder are not best placed to offer advice on the bigger picture.
One last thing – you really do get what you pay for. A very low or non-existent design fee doesn’t mean value for money, as it’s likely that site clearance or construction costs will be higher to compensate. What’s more, a low fee might mean it’s not a good piece of design anyway.
The right choice
As in any professional creative industry, garden/landscape designers come in many forms. Some have a signature style or focus on a specific theme, while others specialise in particular areas, such as planting design or country gardens, but good designers will be able to turn their hand to anything.
Choose a designer that you feel is most likely to interpret your wants and needs, and one who will freely offer ideas and suggestions. Spend time looking at their portfolio or website – do you admire their approach or work? I would also stress the importance of choosing a designer with whom you have some rapport. The client-designer relationship can be a complex two-way process that needs creativity and compromise from both sides, so make sure you have someone you can see yourself working alongside.
While many garden/landscape designers do have specialist areas of expertise, experience or training in designing for different people (such as children or the elderly), garden law, levels and slopes, drainage, hard landscape detailing and an understanding of plants should be standard. So should an appreciation of the more mundane (but no less important) aspects of making a garden work, such as storage and where to hang the washing. A designer who can effectively communicate their proposals to you and to the people who are going to construct the garden is also vital. You need to fully understand the ideas on the table (ideally in 3D) before paying for them, and landscape contractors, specialist fabricators, lighting engineers and water feature specialists need clear details to carry out the work as intended.
Where to find a designer
Excellent places to look for an experienced professional garden/landscape designer (as well as good landscape contractors) are the British Association of Landscape Industries (Bali.org.uk), the Society of Garden Designers (Sgd.org.uk) and the Association of Professional Landscapers (Landscaper.org.uk). All vet their members to ensure they meet appropriate standards. However, non-members shouldn’t be overlooked – many of the great garden designers I know forgo the adjudication process. Sometimes a quick internet search for design studios or practitioners in your region is just as effective. Personal recommendations are particularly useful, too.
Wherever you go to find a designer, make time to discuss their training and experience, plus ask to see their portfolio of past work and images of completed projects to ensure you have someone you can work with.
You will find that if a designer is a member of an organisation such as the Society of Garden Designers, it can mean higher fees. However, if the garden designer comes recommended or has a reputation for beautiful work or innovative practice that you love, it shouldn’t be their fees alone that determine whether you choose to employ them, rather that they are the best person for the job.
ABOVE: (Before) A typical garden patio area with minimal border planting has been transformed into an elegant outdoor room, with large-scale planting providing interest and privacy. It was designed by Greencube Garden & Landscape Design.
Garden/landscape designers offer various services, from a day’s consultancy (around £225 to £750), to help with complicated aspects of planning and building regulations. When it comes to a complete redesign, most work in a similar way. First, there’s an initial consultation where wants and needs are discussed; the outcome, a brief, is then agreed by both parties. A site survey and analysis follows, which leads to the production of concept plans and sketches, all with your budget in mind. Once the concept or idea has been approved, the designer will then create a scale masterplan followed by detailed scale construction drawings and planting plans that are essential to actually realising the garden on the ground.
Other garden services include the production of tender documents if multiple quotes for works are needed, project management during the build, and aftercare services such as maintenance schedules and management plans.
Of course, not all projects need every service listed above. For some, a masterplan to help organise your thoughts or clarify a direction and your ultimate goal over the coming years is enough. For other projects, it might just be the planting that needs attention, which can usually be solved in one or two days rather than a few weeks of design time, and this obviously costs a lot less in fees. Good designers will be able to advise you on what is necessary with your brief and the site in mind or what would actually work best with your budget.
IMAGE ABOVE: Garden designed by Kirsty Monaghan, as featured in August 2013 issue of Real Homes.
Setting a budget
Different hypothetical models try to help you decide on a budget. Some recommend spending 5-15 per cent of the house value on the garden/landscape, which in turn will add a similar, if not a much larger amount, to the value of your home. Others talk about allocating at least £100 per square metre of garden; some double this figure. Unfortunately it’s not that simple, because there are so many options. A small garden full of hard landscaping, garden lighting and a bespoke water feature might well cost more than a typical suburban garden that can accommodate a large lawn and more planting, which significantly helps to keep down costs. These models don’t factor in site complexities such as slopes and drainage either.
I will say that a totally new garden does cost more than you think, even if you keep some existing features. It’s very hard to complete even a small garden with a relatively simple design for less than £6,000-£7,000 once design fees, materials, plants and employing contractors (which normally amounts to at least half the budget) are factored in. Most new garden designs cost in excess of £10,000, and that’s for a small garden. A suburban garden will probably be in the region of £17,000-£25,000.
This might seem a lot, but consider what you might spend on a quality kitchen or bathroom and how much this adds to the value of your home and quality of life. Remember, that figure doesn’t need to be spent all at once. Implementing a design proposal can be phased as and when money is available. So, in year one, construct the hard landscape, for example, notably the patio, walls and paths. Build ponds, pergolas and water features (unless they’re built-in) in year two and plant in year three.
If you are working to a small budget, employing a designer to redesign the whole space is certainly a luxury that you might not be able to afford. Instead, could they help with certain aspects? A new planting design, for example, probably won’t take more than one to two days in design time, costing between £250-£750, depending on the designer. Even in a tiny garden this might be unnecessary; with research, could you undertake the whole thing yourself? There are plenty of small garden design books to help you.
If your budget is tight, one service which may help – particularly if you’re a complete novice – is employing a designer for a day’s consultancy (most offer this service) to help get you off on the right foot. For one day you’ll have an expert professional who will look critically at your space, consider your wants and needs and suggest an appropriate style with suitable materials and plants, sketching out different options in the process. This means you can then take up the mantle, knowing that you’re going in the right direction. You wouldn’t build a house without seeking advice, and the same goes for a garden.